Exercise Ups Kids’ Quit-Smoking Success Rate
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MONDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) — A program that combines counseling with physical activity may possibly offer teens a far more effective way to quit smoking.
Much less than five percent of those who had been assigned to a brief smoking cessation intervention had quit smoking following 3 months. But, in the group of teens that received smoking cessation counseling coupled with physical activity, virtually 14 percent were off cigarettes at the 3-month mark.
And, the findings were most dramatic for boys. Almost a quarter of the boys in the combination group had quit smoking at the finish of three months.
“Oftentimes men and women think that youngsters aren’t interested in quitting and that they will not take part in an intervention. This study gives a powerful case that it is possible to efficiently intervene with teen smokers,” stated study author Kimberly Horn, a professor in the department of community medicine at West Virginia School of Medicine in Morgantown.
“Physical activity, even in small or moderate doses, can greatly improve the odds of quitting. And, this sort of method attempts to change far more than 1 behavior,” explained Horn. “In West Virginia, we have tremendous health disparities around obesity and tobacco use. If we can target and minimize those wellness risk behaviors simultaneously, the burden on the wellness care program could be reduced,” she stated.
The findings are to be published in the October concern of Pediatrics, and had been released on the internet on Sept. 19.
Slightly far more than 17 percent of American teenagers are present smokers, according to the U.S. Centers for Illness Control and Prevention. Teen smokers are a lot more likely to use alcohol and illegal drugs, according to the CDC. And, about 1-third of teen smokers will continue to smoke and will die in later life from a smoking-related disease, reports the CDC.
Horn and her colleagues wrote that although there have been several studies on what’s efficient in smoking cessation for adults, there hasn’t been considerably written about teens quitting. One program that has been designed for teens is referred to as Not on Tobacco, or N-O-T. This program involves counseling on wholesome lifestyles, getting support and managing anxiety.
For the present study, the researchers randomly selected teens from different schools to 1 of three groups: the N-O-T group, N-O-T plus physical activity (N-O-T + FIT) and a group that was given a brief intervention. The brief intervention group was given about 15 minutes of smoking cessation assistance. The N-O-T group was given a brief counseling session at the start of the study, and then teens were supplied a group session once a week. The N-O-T + FIT group had been provided everything available to the N-O-T group, plus a log book and a pedometer to record their daily actions. They also received an additional five minutes of encouragement every week.
At the start of the study, the teens had been averaging a half a pack of cigarettes on weekdays and a pack a day on the weekends, according to the study.
The researchers recorded quit rates at three months and six months (defined as getting quit for seven days). At 3 months, the self-reported smoking status was confirmed with carbon monoxide validation. The researchers did not have sufficient funding to repeat the validation test at six months.
At six months, virtually 16 percent of the teens in the brief intervention group said they weren’t smoking. A lot more than 21 percent of the teens in the N-O-T group reported quitting, and 31 percent of the teens in the N-O-T + FIT group were still not smoking.
“There’s a lot about smoking and adolescents that’s extremely different than smoking and adults. Teens pick up smoking for a whole selection of factors. Smoking may be the norm in your peer group, or you may possibly be dating a person who smokes. Smoking might be a way to rebel against parents. Nicotine addiction frequently isn’t the driving factor,” explained adolescent medicine specialist Dr. Jonathan Pletcher, from Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. “If teens are going to stop smoking, they have to know why they are smoking and institute new behaviors to replace the old ones.”
And, physical exercise can be a excellent replacement activity.
“Exercise and in certain, cardiovascular exercise, is an outstanding way to aid children move toward being tobacco-free of charge. It can alter their routine. Exercise can develop feelings of self-efficacy, and make teens really feel like they can alter their behavior. It also causes the release of lactic acid from the muscles and endorphins, which can replace some of those internal reinforcers that come from smoking,” he stated.
The bottom line, stated Horn, is “If we give them the right services, they will quit. Teens will stick with it.”
Far more details
To discover far more about the effects of teen smoking, check out the American Cancer Society.
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